My concubine often sat quietly with me in her fragrant bedchamber to sample or judge famous incense. The so-called “palace incense” is seductive in quality, while the popular way of preparing aloeswood is vulgar. The ordinary people often set aloeswood right on the fire and its fragrant fume is soon put out by the burning resin. Thus not only has its fragrance failed to be brought out, but it also leaves a smoky, choking odor behind around one’s body.
Concerning the mists in the trees go off at sunrise and the caves grow dark at sunset when the clouds return back under the sky, this is the change from bright morning to gloomy evening in the mountains. In spring, the wild flowers bloom and send out a faint fragrance. In summer, the fine trees are very beautiful, luxuriant and shading.
Only after Bole (1) came into the world were there horses able to gallop one thousand li. Such horses are common, but a Bole is rare. So even fine steeds, if mishandled by slaves, will perish in their stables without being known as good horses.
In ancient times those who wanted to learn would seek out a teacher, one who could propagate the doctrine1, impart professional knowledge, and resolve doubts. Since no one is born omniscient, who can claim to have no doubts?